The word religion is derived from Latin “religionem” meaning the respect for what is sacred and reverence for the gods. The contemporary definition states that it is an organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems and word views that connect humanity with an order of existence. The word religion is often interchangeably used with faith or belief system.
However there are those who oppose this, arguing that religion differs from private belief system. Most of the world`s religions offer the answers to the origin of life and universe along with moral and ethic codes of conduct. It is estimated that there are, currently, over 4.200 religions worldwide.
When it comes to the classification of religion, there are five distinctive branches: Abrahamic, Iranian, Indian, African and Indigenous and folk.
There are numerous aspects to consider concerning religion such as the origin and the development, different types of religion and the teachings behind them. There are also other issues religion is concerned with such as economics, health, violence, law and science.
The documentaries and video materials complied in this category are looking into the above mentioned issues.
TV3 brings us a documentary on Ireland`s cults such as “The Palmarians”, “The House of Prayer” or the “Scientologists”. See their structural complexity, hierarchy and means of funding. The story also includes the experiences of their former members and their current views of these churches. It also gives you a chance to look inside these churches and see what exactly is going on.
Discover the origin and history of Christianity in Abkhazia in a documentary that combines these stories of the past and video materials into a fascinating tale. Witness some of the monuments, monasteries and the stories about the saints in a documentary directed by Sergei Yazvinskiy.
Ancient mythologies around the world are filled with tales of demons and gods from beezlebub, djinn, lamia to baal and satan. This documentary is looking into these mythological creatures from the perspective of Christianity. Also have a chance to see the history of witchcraft, demon possession and how people used the above mentioned terms to their benefit in times of war.
Latest Documentaries in Religion
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Islam is one of the biggest and most influential religions in the world. Their doctrine specifies that if you can you must visit the holy city of Mecca. This National Geographic documentary shows the pilgrimage that millions of people make each year into Mecca, complete with all the holy rituals and traditions.
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The historian Tristram Hunt explores how Protestantism has affected the lives of people in the Protestant revolution. This is a story of a revolution that has affected all people in the West, and almost every country in the world. It is a revolution that affects the very structure of existence – what we do to live, who we vote, we’re going to war and how we see ourselves as individuals and as nations. The series investigates the scientific, cultural, economic and political movement with the help of leading academic witnesses, and concludes that the scope of Protestantism is so profound that it is impossible to imagine the modern world without it. The series explores how the revolutionary nature of the reform shaped the world we live in today, modern art of war in Iraq. When Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the church door at Wittenberg, he unleashed a revolution in thinking and events that have both amazed and horrified him.Of modern capitalism to the nuclear family form, Protestantism has shaped the Western world in its image, and this is the dramatic story of how and why this happened. Tristan says: “Now that the traditional culture of Protestantism has fallen in the UK, which wanted to show how an elemental force that this religion has been in shaping our modern world.” Of the books we read, political parties vote, the way we live and love, the Protestant revolution continues to resonate. “As Britain struggles with its sense of national identity and the forces of evangelical Protestantism growing worldwide understanding of that faith, its meaning and legacy seems more vital than ever.”
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"Jonestown: The Life and Death of Peoples Temple", is a 2006 documentary film made by Firelight Media, produced and directed by Stanley Nelson. The documentary reveals new footage of the incidents surrounding the Peoples Temple and its leader Jim Jones who led over 900 members of his cult to a settlement in Guyana called Jonestown, where he orchestrated a mass suicide with poisoned Flavor Aid, in 1978. It is in the form of a narrative with interviews with former Temple members, Jonestown survivors, and persons who knew Jones at various stages.
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Diarmaid MacCulloch teacher – one of the leading historians in the world – reveals the origins of Christianity and explores what it means to be Christian. Diarmaid MacCulloch When a young boy, his parents used to drive around historic churches. Little did they know that they had created a monster, with the history of the Christian Church to become his life’s work. In a series sweep in four continents, Professor MacCulloch goes in search of forgotten origins of Christianity.1. First Christianity. The shift of the family history it started when the apostle Paul was Christianity from Jerusalem to Rome. Instead, it shows that the true origins of Christianity are found further east, and at one point he was about to succeed in Asia, including China. The headquarters of Christianity could have been Bagdad, not Rome, and if it had happened then Western Christianity have been very different.2. Catholicism: The Rise of Rome unpredictable. More than a billion Christians look to Rome, more than half of all Christians on the planet. But how a small Jewish sect of rural first-century Palestine, who preached the virtue of humility and poverty, become the religion of Western Europe – the unflinching obedience rich, powerful and hopes of the faithful?3. Orthodoxy – From Empire to Empire. Today, Eastern Orthodox Christianity flourishes in the Balkans and Russia, with over 150 million members worldwide. It’s different Catholicism or Protestantism – worship is carefully choreographed, the icons get the faithful to a mystical union with Christ, and everywhere there is a symbol of a fierce-looking bird, the eagle with two heads.4. Reform: The individual before God. The Amish are a peaceful people today, but five centuries ago, their ancestors were regarded as some of the most dangerous in Europe. They were the radicals – the protesters – who destroyed the Catholic Church. In the fourth part of the series, Diarmaid MacCulloch sense of the Reformation, and how a faith based on obedience and authority gave birth to one based on individual conscience.5. Protestantism – The Gospel Explosion. Diarmaid MacCulloch an overview of the emergence of an exuberant expression of faith that has spread around the world – evangelical Protestantism. Today is associated with conservative politics, but the story is clearly unexpected. It’s easy to forget that the evangelical explosion has been driven by a concern for social justice and the assertion that one could be in direct emotional relationship with God.6. God in the Dock. Life history Diarmaid MacCulloch makes it a symbol of a distinctive feature of Western Christendom – the skepticism, a tendency to doubt what has transformed Western culture and Christianity. In the final program of the series, asked that the change came. He challenges the simplistic notion that faith in Christianity has been steadily leaking to the relentless advance of science, reason and progress, and instead shows how the tide of evil faith flows back in.
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Dispatches investigates the violence and intimidation against Muslims who convert to Christianity in Britain. Dispatches reporter Antony Barnett meets former Muslims who live under the threat of reprisals from their former communities. Many still live in fear. Interview with a family who have been expelled from their homes and a convert whose brother was beaten close to death.The investigation uncovers a network of churches support converts from Islam who have to worship under a veil of secrecy. It is estimated that about 3,000 Muslims who have converted to Christianity living in Britain.The conversion to another religion for a Muslim is not just considered a taboo act by some believers. The demand for certain Islamic texts converts – also known as apostates – be punished severely for having abandoned their faith. In several Islamic countries, the death penalty is imposed. Here in Britain, Dispatches discovers a form of popular justice is carried out on our streets. A Christian bishop tells Dispatches issue that will not be long before a British convert is killed, and calls on Muslim leaders to take action.
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Self-observation brings man to the realization of the need for self-change. And in observing himself a man notices that self-observation brings about certain changes in their internal processes. He begins to understand that self-observation is an instrument of self-change, half awake.In 1920, there appeared a man unknown in Europe, having lived through some extraordinary experiences in the East, His name was Ivanovich Gurdjieff. This is the story of his early years.The film was made in the place where the imposing mountains, rarely photographed and deserts of Afghanistan, and has been widely recognized for its unique visual beauty.
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Professor Robert Winston presents a definitive three-part documentary series on the history of humanity’s search to understand the nature of God.God’s story is an epic journey across continents, cultures and eras exploring religious beliefs of his early incarnations, through the development of the major religions of the world and the state of religious faith in a scientific age.The series examines the roots of religious beliefs in prehistoric societies and the different ways in which the sense of humanity of the divine developed. It looks at the divergence between the religions that worship a range of deities and those that represent strict monotheism.The series begins with Professor Winston examine the many religions that believe in different gods and explores why mankind started to believe in God.The answer to that question, says Professor Winston, can be found in the caves where our ancestors came to their gods and where in the fields where people still ask for help, in the cities where our ancestors have been honored temples and the gods are appeased with sacrifices.“But above all the answer,” says Professor Winston, “lies in the human desire to be united with something bigger than ourselves.”
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Part I: The Dalai Lama, monasteries and the people. Filmed at the residence of Dalai Lama in Dharamsala, northern India, and the rebuilt monastery Sera, the second largest monastery of old Tibet, the first part of the trilogy notes that the Dalai Lama in his dual role as head of State and spiritual teacher. In an elegant cinematic style, one with his subject, the film interweaves this personal portrait observed an intimate exploration of the ways in which knowledge develops within Tibetan Buddhist culture in monasteries, through an intense debate and meditation lonely, and communicate in the lay community.Part II: Radiating the Fruit of the Truth. With extraordinary authenticity Part II of the trilogy of travel deep into the mystical inner world of monastic life. Located in the ancient village of Boudha, Nepal and the isolated mountain caves of the yogis, the film follows the lamas of the Sakya Monastery Phulwary through their contemplative retreats, the construction of a cosmogram, and conducting of an ancient protective ritual known as “A beautiful ornament. Through the ritual invocation of the female deity Tara, the malevolent forces that can do harm to society are invited and magically transformed. With a subtitled commentary based in the teachings of the great 20th century master Dudjom Rinpoche, the essence of tantric Buddhism is powerfully revealed.Part III: The fields of the senses. Located in the majestic mountain landscape of Ladakh, Part III is a meditation on impermanence and the relationship between mind, body and the environment. It follows the monks and farmers through a day, ending with a description of the monastery’s strong response ritual of moving to a death in the community. As in the Tibetan Book of the Dead, the departed is guided through the dream, as the intermediate state between death and birth.
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On the invitation and prayers of tribal leaders, the Dalai Lama travels to a poor and remote Muslim village at the India Pakistan border. More than a symbolic gesture, the visit results in an invitation by the Dalai Lama to provided a modern education to children from the village while insuring their religious and cultural heritage. Without this film, this amazing story would never be known or seen.
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A shocking and controversial look into the effect of religion on on our society with special focus on the contradiction between religion/faith and Science. Written and presented by Richard Dawkins, in which he argues that the world would be better off without religion.
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With cameras in the chase, Derren is facing its most difficult project, however, goes in search of an unsuspecting member of the British prepared to take the appearance of a pastor and worker miracle. Your chosen after six months to learn the trade and flourish across the pond as a shepherd convincing.The final phase of the extraordinary challenge of volunteers is trying to make faith healing miracles lives in Texas, but it will recruit new Derren being accepted as a healer or healer dismissed as false?
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The second part in Richard Dawkin’s incredible look into the plague that is faith and religion in our modern society. A stark look at the place of religion in the enlightened modern day. This documentary has a particular focus on the effect organized religion has on children. Well worth a watch.
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In this landmark two-hour special, NOVA takes viewers on a fascinating journey to the scientific principles of modern religion.Buried Secrets of the Bible vividly recounts the saga of the ancient Israelites and digs deeply into the Bible and the history of the Israelites through the artifacts they left behind.The documentary focuses on the Hebrew Bible, also known as the Old Testament as the basis for the great monotheistic religions-Judaism, Christianity and Islam.NOVA producers worked with an international team of academics and researchers who studied the stories, artifacts examined, deciphered ancient manuscripts, and the hypothesis of how in an era of human sacrifice, idolatry and slavery, the concept of God emerged.
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At 165 pounds, and apparently from the skins of 160 asses, the Codex Gigas is the world’s largest and most mysterious medieval manuscript.Full of Satanic and demonic images spells, according to legend, the text emerged from a bloody pact with the devil monk convicted. Now, Nat Geo follows a team of scientists who embark on an unprecedented quest to unravel the secrets behind the dark pages of the book. Using ultraviolet fluorescence imaging, analysis of writing and a re-creation of the text document forensic experts attempt to discover the truth behind the old Devil’s Secret Bible.The Devil’s Bible is so great that it requires at least two people to carry. Once considered the eighth wonder of the world, the Codex Gigas extends three feet long and weighing one hundred and sixty-five pounds. It is the only book that brings the Old and New Testament with violent spells, holy.The Codex Gigas contains a full page – just opposite the portrait of the devil – a heavenly city tower. Although no people can be seen in the Celestial City, is a symbol of hope and salvation, in contrast to the portrait of the devil on the opposite page.The Codex Gigas mystical medical formulas in everything from the treatment of diseases such as fever and epilepsy to the solution of practical problems such as searching for a thief. The transfer from book to Prague in 2008 was a year of planning. It was insured for $ 15.1 million during the transfer. The Devil’s Bible has 600 pages, which is 310 sheets of parchment, all made of donkey skins.
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We meet five Christian families, each with a gay son or lesbian. Parents talk about their marriages and go to church, the childhood of their children and go out, their reactions and changes over time.The stories told by these nine parents and four adult children alternate with talking heads – Protestant and Jewish theologians – and with film clips of fundamentalist preachers and pundits and news clips of people in the street.They talk about the scriptures and biblical studies. A thesis of the film is that much of Christianity’s homophobia represents a misreading of scripture, a denial of science, and an embrace of quack psychology. Families call for love.
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There is a revolution in the whole world is going to .. goes beyond Mississippi, Alabama goes beyond, beyond Harlem .. What is revolting against? The power structure. The American power structure? No. The power structure of the French? No. The English power structure? No. Then what power structure? An international structure of Western power. Malcolm X: Prince of Islam is explosive and exciting documentary that shows never before seen images of al-Hajj Malik Shabazz, a truly Islamic hero.Islam is synonymous with change. It’s about changing the individual and society. This change covers every aspect of human life from personal morality to business, economics and politics. It is natural that Islam should be fought by those who want to maintain the status quo. This is the way it has always been throughout history: from Adam to Noah, Abraham, Moses. Isa, and Muhammad (peace be upon them). It will happen to anyone who wants to stand up and proclaim the true message of Islam in the world.In recent times we have the example of Brother Malcolm. He courageously stood firm in the midst of his enemies and was ready to sacrifice everything in pursuit of seeking the pleasure of Allah (SWT). In Prince of Islam to learn about his childhood struggles through to him joining the heretical group Nation of Islam to the latter, accepting the true religion of Islam after performing the Hajj in Makkah.