The word medicine is derived from the Latin “ars medicina”, meaning the art of healing.

Through observation and meticulous study of various stages of health, mankind discovered that there was a number of ways in which health could be affected and an equal number of ways in which that could be remedied. That was the birth of medicine, a science or a practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. It encompasses a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness.

From the historical perspective, the first written record on medicine dates back to the ancient Egypt, Babylon, Greece and China. The Greek physician Hippocrates is considered to be the father of medicine and he introduced the Hippocrates Oath, which is taken by present day physicians as well. Egyptian priest Imhotep was the first physician in history recorded by name. There Edwin Smith Papyrus contains the information on certain surgical procedures that were preformed around 1500 BCE.

Since that time medicine has constantly evolved, growing more efficient in treating various conditions in humans but also in other species as well. Present day medicine has different branches of specialization and all of them can be divided into two major categories: medicine and surgery.

The documentaries and video materials compiled in this category are concerned with medical issues in general along with the progress of medicine in terms of new discoveries and treatment methods, health in general and many other accompanying matters.

Discover the link between cannabis and the cure for cancer. Are the two more related than we could ever imagine, and is there a conspiracy to hide that connection from the general population?

Explore the vast universe of micro organisms or microbes, whose number in an average person`s body exceeds the current number of people on the planet.

Is the key to longevity hidden within a simple act of fasting? Find out the answer to that question and see the scientific approach to this particular matter. Follow the story of a man who embarks on a 5 days normal and 2 days fasting diet with surprising results.

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Latest Documentaries in Medicine

58:56
Blood and Guts: A History of Surgery
Blood and Guts: A History of Surgery

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"This documentary series by Michael Mosley takes a closer look at the brutal, bloody and precarious history of surgery. This five-part series maps out the history of surgery through its catastrophes and successes.1. Into the Brain. This part reveals how the art and science of brain surgery making it a life-saving discipline today, has evolved over the last 100 years through mishaps and misadventures involving crowbars through the skull to notorious lobotomies with ice-picks.2. Bleeding Hearts. This part shows Michael Mosley taking a personal interest, having a family history in this area and taking a go at heart surgery of a man with no heartbeat and witnesses an operation where the patient is cooled until their brain stops and has all of their blood sucked out.3. Spare Parts. This part unravels how the scientists in the early days struggled with transplant surgeries given they had no way of bypassing the human immune system which rejected the transplanted organ resulting in a lot of complications and even death at times.4. Fixing Faces. This part unravels the fact that though believed by many to be a modern day phenomenon, plastic surgery is a science practiced since the last 400 years. Michael Mosley personally undergoes both 16th-century and 21st-century botox in his journey of discovery.5. Bloody Beginnings. In the last part Michael Mosley finds out how the early days of surgery were murky and cruel, when the surgeon’s knife was more likely to kill than save."

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34:43
Making A Killing: The Untold Story of Psychotropic Drugging
Making A Killing: The Untold Story of Psychotropic Drugging

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‘Making A Killing: The Untold Story of Psychotropic Drugging’ is the story of big money-drugs that fuel a $330 billion psychiatric industry, without a single cure. This documentary film contains more than 175 interviews with lawyers, mental health experts, the families of victims and the survivors themselves, exposing the way in which the disease as well as the drug for the disease is branded by the industry for the treatment of a disease that did not exist before the industry made the disease.These drugs kill around 42,000 people every year and the death count keeps increasing; but still this brutal industry is thriving in the lack of a concerted action against it.

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09:47
Stone Age Apocalypse
Stone Age Apocalypse

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Human evolution is believed to have begun about six million years ago. Despite the passage of much time, the amount of diversity between the DNA of all humans is minimal.Some 75,000 years ago that left something apocalyptic humans occurred in relation to life for a few to continue the species.The cause of this bottleneck is now believed to have been a massive volcanic eruption on the Indonesian island of Sumatra.The eruption of a super site of Lake Toba in Sumatra attacked more than two hundred cubic kilometers of ash over an area of over one million square kilometers.This program explores the devastating consequences of the most powerful volcano in the last twenty-five million years – including the theory that led to a human genetic bottleneck, leaving a small group, as low as a few thousand survivors to preserve the human race – and sees the threat of super-volcanoes in the 21st century.

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07:39
Do I Drink Too Much?
Do I Drink Too Much?

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Alcohol is one of the most common recreational drugs. And one of the most widely abused. This BBC documentary explores the science of addiction, exploring new advances in science.

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03:20
Micro/Macro
Micro/Macro

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There are more micro organisms or microbes in our human body than they are people on the planet. However we are oblivious of their world except when there is disease.This film does an exploration of these ubiquitous beings through a narrator. The narrator first meets people working in the specialized field of Microbiology. The Microbiologists give her a thorough overview, including the history of disease and treatment, and further use in food and industry.Overawed by the learning, the narrator goes out to the streets to find the perception of common people to microbes in their daily lives. Disillusioned by the lack of reverence, she sits down to visualize the history, life and times of microbes vis-a-vis humans through a poetic montage.

58:50
Eat, Fast and Live Longer: BBC Horizon 2012
Eat, Fast and Live Longer: BBC Horizon 2012

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Eat, Fast and Live Longer explores the recently accepted concept that fasting is key to longevity in the human being. Here science takes the lead to discover what can be done to change the way we live. No pills, no medicines simply fasting.This revolutionary insight looks at a 101 year old Indian man who runs marathons; here we see him running in the London marathon and is happy that the secret lies in what and how much he eats. Mr Singh is remarkable and has never had surgery and never takes medicine…his diet is a simple diet of fresh food and eats normally only a childs type portion.A scientific theory has been existent for as long as Mr Singh has been alive … it is this theory that Michael Moseley examines in this documentary.It isn’t just what we eat but how and when we eat it…following from the Great Depression 1929 – 1033 remarkably, life expectancy rose by 6 years. What is the link between calorie restriction and longevity? Professor Luigi Fontana has conducted studies of many people who have restricted their diets.Meet the CRONIs (Calorie Restrictor on Optimal Nutrition) who eat bucket loads of fruit…and in many instances they eat just the skins and not the main part of the fruit!! 1900 cals per day v 2300 cals per day and this is the basis of a challenge between one of the CRONIs and Michael when they head to a fitness centre to be assessed. Body fat 11% in the CRONI V 27.1% in Michael. The results are very damning and quite conclusive from these tests. The thought is that these results can be reversed by a year on the new diet.We try now to see if the benefits of this diet can be replicated in a way which avoids the necessity to embark on this extreme diet. In the lab there are genetically engineered mice which demonstrate a fantastic difference in life expectancy. A look at a certain population within Ecuador demonstrates that none of them have died of cancer or diabetes but they are small, dwarf-like persons. IGF1 is a growth hormone which has a considerable affect upon certain people…but is there a link?Protein is a link…which pushes us to drive forward instead of slowing us down. How do we lower IGF1…fasting… 3 days and 4 nights of fasting can show very impressive results….water, black tea and one 50 cal cuppa soup… Sitting in a Korean restaurant having eaten nothing all day is not a fantastic thought.Hunger does not build and build but comes in waves which pass…glucose stores are depleted and you then start burning fat deposits and the liver produces less IGF1; or that is the theory on test here….has it been worthwhile? The IGF_1 dropped by a half and reduces changes of cancer. This is an incredible discovery.Along with a change in diet, fasting will need to be once every couple of months to maintain this dramatic change…but is there anything better which is less difficult to achieve? On to another study in Chicago where the research seems easier….alternate day restrictions. Fast day..feed day…fast day…feed day. Animal and human trials seem to indicate this is a much more palatable mechanism to achieve results.Eat whatever you want on the feed day…then eat controlled food on the fast day.Finally, Baltimore and the affects of ageing on the brain. Another mouse takes centre stage and these mice put on the feed/fast diet against standard diet and the results are incredible. Sporadic bouts of hunger actually trigger new neurons to grow…possibly in terms of evolutionary terms it assists survival…fasting does seem to make you sharper!!Simple conclusion: Alternate day fasting is definitely better than continual calorie restriction.Micheal is going to embark upon a 5 days normal and 2 days fasting diet….then test and describe the results after 5 weeks on the diet.His Initial Results:Lost over a stone (14 lbs)Body fat down from 27% to 20%IGF-1 dropped by 50%Diabetic glucose back to normalCholesterol great improvement.Find out more about the 5:2 Fasting Diet.Or try this book!

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04:50
Cancer Treatment
Cancer Treatment

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This documentary explains the main difference between Conventional and Natural treatment of cancer. Both of these treatments have some side effects and requirements which are detally explained. However they're not too effective against cancer because it is too big of a problem. Day by day scientist are searching for alternatives to save many lives dying from cancer.