Mangroves are a group of trees and shrubs that live in the coastal intertidal zone. Mangrove forest in Loxahatchee, Florida. There are about 80 different species of mangrove trees. All of these trees grow in areas with low-oxygen soil, where slow-moving waters allow fine sediments to accumulate.
Mangroves are one of the most important habitats on Earth, vital to many of the planet’s most extraordinary, wonderful, and endangered species. Everything from shorebirds and sharks to monkeys and manatees relies on mangroves for their survival.
They protect water quality by removing nutrients and pollutants. They absorb water during heavy rains and storm surge. And they provide nursery habitat for many commercial fish and shellfish.
Globally, it’s estimated that we mine as much as 50 billion metric tons of sand every year to build our roads, bridges, skyscrapers, homes and more.Rapid urbanization around the ...