The Kaaba, also spelled Ka'bah or Kabah, sometimes referred to as al-Kaʿbah al-Musharrafah, is a building at the center of Islam's most important mosque, the Masjid al-Haram in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. It is the most sacred site in Islam.
Muslims do not worship the Kaaba, but it is the most sacred site in Islam. Why? Because it represents the metaphorical house of God and the openness of God in Islam.
Muslims face toward the Kaaba during their five daily prayers. They believe that Abraham, known as Ibrahim in the Islamic tradition and his son Ismail built the Kaaba.
According to tradition, it was originally a simple unroofed rectangular structure. But the Quraysh tribe rebuilt the pre-Islamic Kaaba in c. 608 CE with alternating courses of masonry and wood.
Today, people who can prove in their locality that they are Muslim can enter the site. For women under 45, they need a Muslim Mahrm (spouse, brother, or father), male companion.
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