History

The present day term is derived from the Greek word “historia”, meaning inquiry or knowledge acquired by investigation. As a science it is concerned with the events that happened in the past. History preserves memory of these events, deals with the discovery of the past ones, collects and organizes them in a chronological fashion. The 5th century Greek historian Herodotus is today commonly recognized as the “father of history” along with his contemporary Thucydides.

As the result of the evolution of the science of history, different branches emerged with the purpose of thoroughly examining specific aspects of history such as religion, gender, military, environment, etc.

Since the 20th century there has been an ongoing debate concerned with the views on history. Some of the French historians associated with the Annales School argued that is a form of art, while others such as Fernand Braudel regarded it more as a social science. Contrary to these interpretations were the ones of the Marxist historians, who worked on the validation of Carl Marx`s theories. A somewhat different perspective on the matter was offered by the feminist historians such as Joan Wallach Scott or Claudia Koons considering the importance of studying the experience of women in the past.

The documentaries and video materials complied in this category are concerned with the matters of history and the factors that had influence on its very course.

Today we are celebrating Halloween by carving pumpkins and encouraging our children to dress up in scary costumes and go from door to door on a hunt for candy. See the ghoulish past of this holiday and learn about the origins of it.

See the new archeological evidence in support of the theory that a devastating Tsunami swept the eastern coast of Britain some 8000 years ago. Tony Robinson and his team examine the newfound evidence and also make a few discoveries of their own.

Learn about the French revolution and take a look at the course of events that lead to the execution of the last Queen of France, Marie Antoinette. It was a highly turbulent time for the entire France and a very violent one as well.

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Religion
Cities of Light: The Rise and Fall of Islamic Spain
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02:03

Over a thousand years ago, the sun-washed land of southern Spain was home to Jews, Christians, and Muslims, living together and flourishing. Their culture and beliefs intertwined, ...

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History
Bosnian Pyramids
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04:26

The Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun, with its height “of 220 meters, is much larger than the Great Pyramid of Egypt, which was originally 147. The Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon, 190 met...

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History
Barbarians
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43:25

They were dreaded forces on the outskirts of civilization, the bloodthirsty warriors who defied the Roman legions and terrorized the population of Europe. They were barbarians, and...

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Military/War
Auschwitz: The Nazi Final Solution
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09:47

Auschwitz was the site of the largest mass murder the world has ever seen. This milestone, 6-piece set of charts the evolution of the field and the mentality of the perpetrators, a...

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History
Athens: The Truth about Democracy
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We chose to forget that in the name of democracy, Athens pursued a policy of aggressive expansion abroad and persecuted some of its leading intellectuals. Despite its recent popula...

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Political
Armenia: The Betrayed
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14:59

This 2002 documentary shows the horrors of the Armenian genocide and the lengths that the Turkish government goes to cover it up. It shows both the historical and modern politics a...

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Science
Aristotle’s Lagoon
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In the fourth century BC the Greek philosopher Aristotle went to Lesbos, an island in the Aegean full, then as now, with wildlife.His fascination with what he found there, and his ...

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History
Ancient Rome: The Rise and Fall of an Empire
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‘Ancient Rome: The Rise and Fall of an Empire’, a BBC One docudrama series, based on true facts and extensive historical research, reveals how the greed, lust and ambition of m...

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History
A History of Britain
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47:05

From the dawn of civilization to the 20th century, A HISTORY OF BRITAIN re-animates familiar tales and illuminates overlooked aspects of England’s past. Written and hosted by his...

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History
Mahatma: Life of Gandhi, 1869-1948
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05:09:24

This is a film that purports to describe the biography of Gandhi the man and his relentless pursuit of truth. In a world full of hate and violence, this man of peace and goodwill f...

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History
Lucky Luciano
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44:00

He wrote his name in blood on the sidewalks of New York and became the boss of all bosses.Arriving in the United States at the age of nine years and embark on a life of crime at ag...

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History
Lost King of the Maya
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54:17

A game where the losers are killed. Take a journey into this strange and mystical world of Mayan culture.

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Religion
Islam: Empire of Faith
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53:55

What is Islam? Who is Muhammad? This is the first documentary part 3 narrated by Ben Kingsley about Islam and attempts to answer these questions. This part is about the life of the...

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History
Iran: Seven Faces of a Civilization
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01:03:48

Based on historical and archaeological evidence, this fascinating documentary by Dr. Farzin Rezaei reconstructed 7,000 years of Iranian history.Advanced techniques of film animatio...

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History
Ice Age Columbus: Who Were the First Americans?
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01:26:17

Traditional history tells us that European settlers discovered America in the Renaissance. But revolutionary new archaeological data and the latest DNA research reveal that Europea...

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History
History’s Turning Points - The Black Death
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Turning points in history is a series of thirteen decisive moments of world history. Each turning point in history has behind it a history and a set of main characters dilemmas and...

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History
History of World War II: Hiroshima
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01:00:00

‘History of World War II: Hiroshima’ is a drama-documentary that attempts to show what it is like to live through a nuclear explosion.It encapsulates the three weeks from the t...

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Social
Guns Germs and Steel (2 of 3)
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54:34

From Jared Diamonds Pulitzer Prize winning book, Guns Germs and Steel. This documentary traces human history and asks the question, “Why did some societies thrive while others st...

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Social
Guns Germs and Steel (1 of 3)
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54:35

From Jared Diamonds Pulitzer Prize winning book, Guns Germs and Steel. This documentary traces human history and asks the question, “Why did some societies thrive while others st...

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History
Egypt’s Golden Empire
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54:42

More than 3,500 years, Rome was no more than a soggy marsh and the Acropolis was an empty rock, but Egypt was on the verge of its greatest age – the New Kingdom.There was an expl...

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History
Curious Journey – The 1916 Easter Rising
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01:05:25

Recollections Of Nine Of Ireland’s Bravest VeteransIn 1973, Kenneth Griffith, the renowned documentary maker, gathered together a group of veterans of the Irish Rising. Almost ha...

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History
Conquistadors
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55:06

This documentary on the Conquistadors reveals the story of the Spanish excursions that subjugation of the Americas. In this 4-part series Michael Wood (historian) journeys in the f...

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History
Bedlam: The History of Bethlem Hospital
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49:11

The Bethlem Royal Hospital in London turn out to be notorious in the 1600′s in respects to the callous and cruel care of its patients as exposed by psychiatric historians.Bedlam:...

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History
Argentina’s Economic Collapse
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01:43:33

Documentary documenting the collapse of Argentina’s economy. How it affected which groups of people the most and how it was “fixed”. Did the neo-liberal ideas implemented sav...

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History
Ancient Aliens
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51:16

"Were we visited by extraterrestrials in ancient times? This documentary explores this unorthodox ideas with some compelling evidence. Could this all be science fiction? Possibly, ...

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History
An Islamic History of Europe
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01:31:00

"In this 90-minute documentary, Rageh Omaar uncovers the hidden story of Europe’s Islamic past and looks back to a golden age when European civilization was enriched by Islamic l...

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History
Alistair Cooke’s America
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56:57

"A classic from what now seems that the golden age of TV documentaries, Alistair Cooke’s America (United States: A Personal History of the United States) was first broadcast in 1...

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History
A Lamp in the Dark: The Untold History of the Bible
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02:58:13

"A fascinating documentary unfolds the fascinating story told in the Bible, the disclosure of critical information often overlooked in modern histories. Enter a world of saints and...

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Music
8th of November Documentary: A True Story of Pain & Honor
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50:18

On November 8th, 1965, the 173rd Airborne Brigade on Operation Hump, War Zone D in Vietnam were ambushed by over 1200 V.C. Forty-eight American soldiers lost their lives that day. ...

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