The Roman Empire was the post-Republican period of ancient Rome. As a polity it included large territorial holdings around the Mediterranean Sea in Europe, Northern Africa, and Western Asia ruled by emperors.
Founded by Augustus Caesar in 31BC when he proclaimed himself as the first emperor, the Roman emperor saw more than 70 emperors in its time. The Roman Empire fell with the fall of Romulus Augustus in 476 AD.
Over the years, the Romans were able to capture land and defeat armies thanks to their superior army and battle tactics. The three most important military tactics used by Romans include the testudo, or the tortoise formation, the triple line, an innovation on the Greek phalanx, and the wedge.
This documentary takes a look at Roman battle tactics and explain how and why they were so successful.
Hannibal was a Carthaginian general and statesman who commanded Carthage’s main forces against the Roman Republic during the Second Punic War.Many consider him one of the greates...