The real name of George Orwell is Eric Arthur Blair. He was an English novelist and essayist, as well as journalist and critic. You can recognize his work by the lucid prose, biting social criticism, opposition to totalitarianism, as well as outspoken support of democratic socialism.
He is best known for his novels Animal Farm and 1984. There is also a term Orwellian, which is an adjective describing a situation, idea, or societal condition that Orwell identified as being destructive to the welfare of a free and open society.
The message of his most famous work, 1984, is a warning against the dangers of totalitarian government.