The Rangers as they call them, are the US military light infantry, special operations unit. The 75th Ranger Regiment is headquartered at Fort Benning, Georgia, and is composed of one special troops battalion and three ranger battalions.
The history of the Rangers dates back to Colonial America. Back then, rifle companies made long-range attacks against French forces and their Indian allies. The Rangers were instrumental in capturing Fort Detroit. The 75th Ranger Regiment had their hands in the Revolutionary War, and later in the American Civil War.
The Rangers became popular during the World War II, when the second and third battalion were formed shortly after the Pearl Harbor attack. Their motto during the War was “Live free or die”.
Following the end of World War II, the US Army used the Rangers in the Korean and the Vietnam War. Shortly after the Vietnam War ended, the battalions were made obsolete, and disbanded.
The Modern Rangers were first called in 1980, when they participated in an Iranian hostage rescue attempts. Watch the documentary with some of their best missions.