The present day term is derived from the Greek word “historia”, meaning inquiry or knowledge acquired by investigation. As a science it is concerned with the events that happened in the past. History preserves memory of these events, deals with the discovery of the past ones, collects and organizes them in a chronological fashion. The 5th century Greek historian Herodotus is today commonly recognized as the “father of history” along with his contemporary Thucydides.

As the result of the evolution of the science of history, different branches emerged with the purpose of thoroughly examining specific aspects of history such as religion, gender, military, environment, etc.

Since the 20th century there has been an ongoing debate concerned with the views on history. Some of the French historians associated with the Annales School argued that is a form of art, while others such as Fernand Braudel regarded it more as a social science. Contrary to these interpretations were the ones of the Marxist historians, who worked on the validation of Carl Marx`s theories. A somewhat different perspective on the matter was offered by the feminist historians such as Joan Wallach Scott or Claudia Koons considering the importance of studying the experience of women in the past.

The documentaries and video materials complied in this category are concerned with the matters of history and the factors that had influence on its very course.

Today we are celebrating Halloween by carving pumpkins and encouraging our children to dress up in scary costumes and go from door to door on a hunt for candy. See the ghoulish past of this holiday and learn about the origins of it.

See the new archeological evidence in support of the theory that a devastating Tsunami swept the eastern coast of Britain some 8000 years ago. Tony Robinson and his team examine the newfound evidence and also make a few discoveries of their own.

Learn about the French revolution and take a look at the course of events that lead to the execution of the last Queen of France, Marie Antoinette. It was a highly turbulent time for the entire France and a very violent one as well.

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46:05
Taxi to the Dark Side
Taxi to the Dark Side

59 Views 0 Comments 46:05

This academy award winning film focuses on the murder in custody of an Afghan taxi driver named Dilawar, by United States Army. The film raises questions on how we treat our prisoners of war and if there should be limits to the amount of interrogation we put them through.

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Latest Documentaries in History

54:59
The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization
The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization

31 Views 0 Comments 54:59

‘The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization’, produced by PBS pays a tribute to the glory of ancient Greece, telling the story of Greek democracy from its first stirrings in 500 B.C. through to the cataclysmic wars that virtually destroyed the empire.Much of the story relates how the Greeks essentially invented politics and democracy, and interviews with prominent scholars of classical history provide insight into the major characters, including Thales, Pericles, and Socrates. It looks at how though the Greeks were defeated, their philosophy endured and changed the world forever.The stories of epic battles on land and sea and a thoughtful treatment of the Greek ideals of heroism are presented well. But the documentary particularly succeeds in the latter stages, when the story turns to the downfall of Socrates and a thoughtful explanation of how Greek philosophy transformed civilization.The photography at ancient sites is often spectacular, actors have been judiciously used to film the critical events and intelligent narration delivered by actor Liam Neeson is truly engaging.

59:02
The Dark Lords of Hattusha
The Dark Lords of Hattusha

50 Views 0 Comments 59:02

‘The Dark Lords of Hattusha’ recounts the history of the Hittite Empire, which lost 2500 years ago. The deciphering of their language enabled archaeologists to finally retrace this great lost civilization.Although belonging to the Bronze Age, the Hittites were forerunners of the Iron Age, developing the manufacture of iron artifacts from as early as the 20th century BCE. Hittite weapons were made from bronze; iron was so rare and precious that it was employed only as prestige goods. The Hittites were also famous for their skill in building and using chariots. These chariots gave them a military superiority as illustrated on a plate from Carchemish.The Hittites were an ancient Indo-European people, speaking a language of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European language family. They were part of a larger movement of Indo-Europeans in the 30th century BCE and established a kingdom centered at Hattusha on the Central Anatolian plateau ca. the 18th century BCE. The Hittites used cuneiform letters. Archaeological expeditions have discovered entire sets of royal archives in cuneiform tablets, written either in Akkadian, the diplomatic language of the time, or in the various dialects of the Hittite confederation.This film thus takes the viewers back in time and opens the history of this once great empire.

41:54
Prehistoric Park
Prehistoric Park

38 Views 0 Comments 41:54

Images created by the UK independent producers Impossible, multiple award-winning creators of Walking With … series, Prehistoric Park is wildlife expert Nigel Marven and his team of zoologists, since time travel to rescue some of the most impressive animals that ever roamed the earth and the journey back thousands of years to this day to be raised in a Prehistoric Park. With the help of the latest CGI technology, Prehistoric Park brings animals to life a truly unique way. These magnificent creatures, beautiful interact with Nigel and his team in such a way that will keep viewers amazed and always fun! With an inventive combination of zoology, geology, paleontology, archaeology and travel time, Prehistoric Park features a bone rattling good time and a natural history lesson through each episode exciting.So take a trip with Nigel’s new team in time and see how brave a strange new world to transmit these endangered creatures to a new life insurance – the Prehistoric Park!

57:56
The Story of Maths
The Story of Maths

28 Views 0 Comments 57:56

"Four-part series on the history of mathematics, presented by Oxford professor Marcus du Sautoy.In the first episode, the language of the universe, after showing how mathematics is fundamental to our lives, du Sautoy explores the mathematics of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and Greece. In Egypt, discloses the use of a decimal system based on the ten fingers, whereas in the former Mesopotamia he discovers that the way that the current time system based on the Babylonian Base 60 number. In Greece, is seen in the contributions of some of the giants of mathematics as Plato, Euclid, Archimedes and Pythagoras, who is credited with the beginning of the transformation of mathematics from a tool to count on the topic of discussion today we know .The second episode, the genius of the Orient, du Sautoy looks out of the ancient world. When ancient Greece fell into decline, mathematical progress stagnated as Europe entered the Middle Ages, but in the East mathematics reached new heights. Du Sautoy visits China and explores how maths helped build imperial China and was at the center of such feats of engineering as the Great Wall. In India, he discovers how the symbol of the number zero was invented and Indian mathematicians ‘understanding’ of the new concepts of infinity and negative numbers. In the Middle East, which looks at the invention of the new language of algebra and the spread of knowledge from East to West through mathematicians such as Leonardo Fibonacci, creator of the Fibonacci series.The frontiers of space. In the 17th century, Europe had taken over the Middle East as the world powerhouse of mathematical ideas. There was considerable progress in understanding the geometry of objects fixed in time and space. The race was now on to discover the mathematics to describe objects in motion. In the third part of the series, Marcus du Sautoy explores the work of René Descartes and Pierre de Fermat, whose famous Last Theorem of mathematical puzzles for over 350 years. It also examines the development of Isaac Newton’s calculus, and goes in search of Leonard Euler, the father of topology or “geometry articulated and Carl Friedrich Gauss, who, at age 24, was responsible for inventing a new way of handling equations: modular arithmetic.The fourth episode, to infinity and beyond, concludes the series. After exploring Georg Cantor’s work on infinity and Henri Poincare’s work on chaos theory, discusses how mathematics was in chaos by the discoveries of Kurt Gödel, who demonstrated that the unknown is an integral part of mathematics, and Paul Cohen, who established that there are several different types of mathematics in which conflicting answers to the same question were possible. He concludes his trip taking into account the great unsolved problems of mathematics today, including the Riemann Hypothesis, a conjecture about the distribution of prime numbers. A prize of one million dollars and a place in the history books await anyone who can prove Riemann’s theorem.

04:37
The First Australians
The First Australians

33 Views 0 Comments 04:37

First Australians is a historical documentary series Australian produced over six years and was released in October 2008. The documentary is part of a larger project that consists of more than a hardback book, a program of outreach and a major site with over 200 mini-documentaries.The series tells the story of contemporary Australia from the perspective of its people first, or the aborigines. The series is essentially a synthesis of well-documented historical information. It relies heavily on archival documents and the interpretations of historians and members of indigenous and European leaders. The story begins in 1788 in Sydney, with the arrival of the First Fleet in 1993 and ends with Koiki Mabo’s legal challenge of the founding of Australia. The series consists of seven episodes, which explores what took place in the oldest living culture in the world was confronted by the British Empire.It explores the lives of individuals in particular and uses their stories as a vehicle to explain the larger situation of the time. Explains the violent aspects of European colonization of Australia, as the murders, battles, wars and acts of friendship and good manners among the first European settlers and Aboriginal Australians.The history of indigenous Australia has until recently been clouded by the “silence of Australia”, which may be ignorance of the true history of Australia seen as a form of non-indigenous to hide the shame of their own history.In this sense, has been controversial in that many of these stories have not been described in Australian television and before Australia’s indigenous perspective of the European colonization of confrontation for many.

43:28
Ecstasy Rising
Ecstasy Rising

33 Views 0 Comments 43:28

In this Peter Jennings special, we see a expose of the most popular illicit drug, next to Cannabis, MDMA, or Ecstasy. Peter interviews the proponents as well as the opponents of this mind altering drug. We also see how the DEA responded to the new epidemic and how a new culture has been developed around it.

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46:56
Civilization: Is the West History?
Civilization: Is the West History?

103 Views 0 Comments 46:56

In ‘Civilization: Is the West History?’, filmmaker Niall Ferguson asks how the Western civilization, from exhibiting an unpromising outlook in the 15th century, came to dominate the rest of the world; and if the West is about to be overtaken by the rest. This film comprises of a series of six parts and each of the six parts elucidates the main strengths of the West that made it so successful:Competition: The first part in the series begins in 1420 when England on the eve of the Wars of the Roses seemed quite primitive by contrast to Ming China that had a credible claim to be the most advanced civilization in the world.Science: The domination of West by East was an alarmingly plausible scenario in 1683, when the Ottoman army laid siege to Vienna, the capital of Europe’s most powerful empire; but Islam was defeated by the help of tact and Science.Property: This part looks into the reasons as to why North America succeeded while South America for so many centuries lagged behind. It shows how the two had much in common but they differed profoundly on individual property rights, the rule of law and representative government, which eventually made all the difference.Medicine: The fourth part shows how the French Empire consciously set out to civilize West Africa by improving public health as well as building a modern infrastructure. Yet in other European empires – notably Germany’s in southwest Africa – colonial rule led to genocide.Consumerism: This part illustrates how the world today is becoming more homogenous and, with increasingly few exceptions, big-name brands dominate main streets, high streets and shopping malls all over the globe.Work: The sixth element that enabled the West to dominate the rest was the work ethic, which extolled the spirit of Capitalism by working hard, saving, and accumulating capital.

33:54
The Russian Revolution
The Russian Revolution

47 Views 0 Comments 33:54

"The year 1905 saw Russia submerged in a wave of mass political and social unrest, including terrorism, worker strikes, peasant unrest, and military mutinies. This led to the establishment of limited constitutional monarchy, the State Duma of the Russian Empire, the multi-party system, and the Russian Constitution of 1906.The Russian Revolution is the collective term for a series of revolutions in Russia in 1917, which destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to the creation of the Soviet Union. The Tsar was deposed and replaced by a provisional government in the first revolution of February 1917, which was focused on Petrograd. The February Revolution took place in the context of heavy military setbacks during the First World War, which left much of the army in a state of mutiny.The Soviets, which were led by more radical socialist factions, initially permitted the Provisional Government to rule, but insisted on a prerogative to influence the government and control various militias’ leading to the second revolution, during October, in which the Provisional Government was removed and replaced with a Bolshevik government.

46:20
Cold War
Cold War

67 Views 0 Comments 46:20

Both the United States and the Soviet Union drifted apart after the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Russian Civil War and the Paris Peace Conference. Diplomatic and extensive trading relationships were established under Roosevelt, but relations soured following the Soviet occupation of the Baltic States and eastern Poland. After Hitler broke the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact the Western powers worked closely with the Soviet Union during the Second World War. Distrust reemerged as Stalin's plans for placing Eastern Europe in the Soviet Union's sphere of influence became apparent towards the war's end, and came to the fore at the Potsdam Conference, just before the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Interviewees include George F. Kennan, Zoya Zarubina, Hugh Lunghi and George Elsey.

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46:45
Britain’s Stone Age Tsunami
Britain’s Stone Age Tsunami

27 Views 0 Comments 46:45

Tony Robinson explores new evidence of a massive Tsunami that swept over the east coast of Britain about 8000 years ago. Archaeologists have uncovered the story of the people living in Britain at the time, showing they were more sophisticated than we thought, living in homes, eating a range of food and using advanced tools for the time. Then a massive wave swept through the coast of the country, devastating a civilization. New theories on the cause of the tsunami are also revealed, and show the trend in global warming started long before our generation.

59:48
Evidence of Revision
Evidence of Revision

29 Views 0 Comments 59:48

Evidence of Revision enables the viewers to differentiate between the real history and the official history of America.The JFK Assassination As Never Seen Before, This film gives an unprecedented look into the truths of our post-modern era. It shows how the American Public has been deceived since a long time and that it is high time the truth be exposed.

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44:01
Nazis: The Occult Conspiracy
Nazis: The Occult Conspiracy

26 Views 0 Comments 44:01

Nazis: The Occult Conspiracy is a documentary on how Adolph Hitler and the Nazi regime made use of ancient mysticism and occultism to win the war. The Nazi’s also used occult mind control techniques to brainwash Germans to perceive themselves as the master-race. Astrology, Reincarnation, a new blood religion. In this chilling yet fascinating glimpse at recent historical events, discover how Nazi beliefs were based on a perversion of ancient myths, pagan lore and the occult.In their quest to create an Aryan super race, the Nazis left no myth or religion unexploited, using astrological forecasts to plan battles; pendulums to locate allied battleships; the prophesies of Nostradamus to frighten the Allies, and sacred symbols, such as Nordic runes, to inspire their warriors to battle. Nazis: The Occult Conspiracy explores the disturbing ways the Third Reich linked occult practices with political aims and created a reign of terror unparalleled in history.Nazis: The Occult Conspiracy, directed by Tracy Atkinson and Joan Baran, narrated by Malcolm McDowell, is an English language 1998 Discovery Channel documentary regarding Nazi occultism.

52:10
Mysteries of Asia: Lost Temples of India
Mysteries of Asia: Lost Temples of India

23 Views 0 Comments 52:10

The mysteries of Asia series of three-part video was originally produced for The Learning Channel. During this segment, historians and others examine temples built in India over 1,000 years ago. They remain quite intriguing, though today’s tourists rarely visit. Records reveal that trained elephants had to drag millions of stone blocks to build these structures.The program notes that due to the size of the temples, the U.S. Senate, Versailles, the Houses of Parliament and St. Paul’s Basilica in Rome, everyone could fit inside one of them.Michael Bell narrates as animated image maps and are used to help viewers learn more about what these ancient structures appear and why they were built.

47:22
Ancient Apocalypse: The Minoans
Ancient Apocalypse: The Minoans

23 Views 0 Comments 47:22

‘Ancient Apocalypse: The Minoans’ is a documentary film that attempts to explore the lost world of the Minoans that has intrigued people for thousands of years.Their palaces at Knossos, on the island of crete, were vast and elaborate, with Europe’s first paved roads and running water. The ancient Greeks wove its magnificence into their myths; it was the home of King Minos and his man-eating bull, the Minotaur, which roamed the palace labyrinth. In the 1900s, British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans excavated and restored the ruins at Knossos. Beautiful and delicate frescoes of bulls and dolphins revealed a highly artistic civilization and a people who apparently lived in harmony with nature.So it is only natural to be curious about the sudden disappearance of this entire clan. Their end is often attributed to a huge volcanic eruption that took place 3500 years ago in the tiny Aegean island of Thera, which was 100 km away from the island of Crete. But what is intriguing is the fact that very little volcanic ash was discovered by the archaeologists on the island of Crete leading to the conclusion that the prevailing winds would have taken the volcano’s ash in the opposite direction. Then archaeologists found clay tablets that proved the Minoan civilization survived for about 50 years after the eruption. This film asks incisive questions such as if the volcano killed the civilization, what accounted for this long gap and was it really that simple..

25:35
The Soviet Story
The Soviet Story

124 Views 0 Comments 25:35

The Soviet Story is a 2008 documentary film about Soviet Communism and Soviet-German collaboration before 1941 written and directed by Edvīns Šnore and sponsored by the UEN Group in the European Parliament.

49:14
The Lost Gods of Easter Island
The Lost Gods of Easter Island

23 Views 0 Comments 49:14

Lost Gods of Easter Island is a BBC documentary written and presented by David Attenborough. It explores the history of civilization in the remote islands of Passover. Attenborough embarks on a personal quest to discover the history of the strange figure of a wood carving became an auction room in New York during the 1980s.The auction catalog notes that the carving was on Easter Island and the auctioneers said that the sculpture had become a junk-shop in Pennsylvania. He knew that the “grotesque head, coupled with an extremely long, thin body like a stick” was more important than the auctioneers believed it and had that presence and power purchase.An investigation was initiated to trace the origin of the artifact – an investigation that spans the world and takes him on trips to Russia, Australia, England, the Pacific, a beach in Tahiti and finally to one of the most remote places the earth, and 15 years later, in a personal detective story combines art, anthropology, and traces the history of the origin of the stature and in doing so, tells the story of a forgotten civilization and a people who lived in one of the most remote places on Earth.

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26:03
40 Years on Track
40 Years on Track

23 Views 0 Comments 26:03

"In 1972, the International Railway Union celebrated their 50th anniversary. To mark this jubilee, they created InterRail, a rail pass that allowed travellers to explore Europe freely for the period of 30 days. What started as a mere travel product, became in a new way for European youngsters to not only discover the continent they live in but also interchange with other peoples and cultures, playing also an important role in Europe’s unification and even the resolution of conflicts like the cold war or the Youguslav wars.Filmed in 20 countries, with the testimonials of more than a dozen travelers from different nationalities, this documentary illustrates the impact of the InterRail phenomenon in Europe in the past 40 years."

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54:14
A Different Pitch
A Different Pitch

18 Views 0 Comments 54:14

"A Different Pitch is a documentary film giving a moving and poignant insight into the effect was has on generations.Filmmaker Doug Aubrey follows football coach Scotty Lee undertake a voyage to Kosovo, a country scarred by NATO’s war and inter-ethnic hatred and find a football dream even in the midst of the on-going Balkan war, subtly reminding that Football, the people’s game, is not just a way of life, but can actually help save lives."

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19:44
A Life in Japan
A Life in Japan

25 Views 0 Comments 19:44

"Ever wondered how a life in Japan might be? 19 foreigners share their personal experiences, likes and dislikes. See the country through the eyes of, mostly western, foreign residents, who have lived in Japan between a few months and several decades."

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55:26
Allen Iverson: The Answer Documentary
Allen Iverson: The Answer Documentary

71 Views 0 Comments 55:26

"The full length documentary on one of the most prolific NBA basketball players, Allen Iverson.As one of the smallest (6 feet tall) NBA players, and overcoming a number of obstacles while growing up, his success story is even more interesting. This film looks at the rough road he took to becoming a NBA star player."

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02:08
Andy Murray: The Man Behind the Racquet
Andy Murray: The Man Behind the Racquet

28 Views 0 Comments 02:08

"US Open, Olympic champion and now 2013 Wimbledon Mens Champion Andy Murray is the focus of this documentary by the BBC. The film reveals what it takes to be a tennis superstar. From showing how he trains and goes through physical rehab for injuries, to the number of public appearances and commitments he has around the world, this documentary will open your eyes to the lives of one of the sport’s greats.Includes interviews from some of Tennis greats like Rafael Nadal, Andre Agassi and John McEnroe."

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46:37
Bigger, Stronger, Faster
Bigger, Stronger, Faster

17 Views 0 Comments 46:37

In the 1980s, filmmaker Christopher Bell, a former staffer at Venice’s Gold’s Gym and his mother became bodybuilders deriving their inspiration from icons like Hulk Hogan, Sylvester Stallone, and Arnold Schwarzenegger, who were regarded as just entertainment figures by pop culture junkies.The bells even turned to professional wrestling, but after trying anabolic steroids just once stopped using it altogether, though he is aware that this practice is dangerously common and this documentary takes viewers through the exploration of the hazards connected to this practice along with the fact that a reflection on whether taking these performance-enhancing steroids sum up to being dishonest in the game.Bell does not judge others but tries to get the opinions of prominent figures like Olympic sprinters Ben Johnson and Carl Lewis and Tour de France cyclist Floyd Landis, along with a number of doctors, lawyers, congressmen, gym rats, and professional athletes and his own family.The documentary film, Bigger, Stronger, Faster, i.e. The Side Effects of Being American is entertaining and exposes and verifies the truth behind these wonder substances and to this effect includes footages of José Canseco, Barry Bonds, and Mark McGwire testifying during the federal grand jury and congressional hearings on steroid use in the major leagues.

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47:57
Facing Goliath
Facing Goliath

21 Views 0 Comments 47:57

Facing Goliath is an inspiring documentary film that demonstrates how Ray Taylor, a man in his fifties, about to lose his eye-sight, transcends above the limitations of the corporeal, and journeys beyond his own and his friend Sebastian’s expectations!Taylor wanted to avoid depression and for this purpose his friend Sebastian, a natural bodybuilder, challenged him to a twelve-week physique transformation; Ray lost 40 pounds as a result.Sebastian, who had originally wanted to compete in and win the non-drug tested national bodybuilding stage, saw the strength of determination in his friend which was far stronger than the muscular build up and began to inspire ray to become a muscular specimen to undermine his foreboding blindness.Sebastian had originally believed that Ray would be inspired and awe struck by watching his trainer rise onward to national competitive victory, but after failing to reach his competitive goals, Sebastian witnesses Ray achieving more than anyone thought possible by dint of sheer belief that there are no limits to anyone’s capabilities.

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24:59
Game Over: Kasparov and the Machine
Game Over: Kasparov and the Machine

22 Views 0 Comments 24:59

This intriguing documentary showcases the events around the much celebrated Chess match between Garry Kasparov, the greatest chess player who has ever lived and Deep Blue, IBM’s computer, in 1997.Though Kasparov lost the match and this film focuses on highlighting the incidents from Kasparov’s point of view. The film is very engaging as it includes interviews with Kasparov, who comes across as very charming and IBM’s team who were very open and friendly. The movie illustrates both the good and the bad side of Kasparov as he struggles to maintain his dignity while his temper rises and tries to confront his paranoia. The IBM Company is shown in a slightly negative light as they publicize this event to gain advertising revenue.The movie keeps claiming that it was the victory of machine’s artificial intelligence over the mortal human being, but subjectively, it can be said that taking every psychological and technical advantage that was available, hordes of computer geniuses and chess grandmasters can definitely put years of efforts into a computer program that beats human beings but that does not undermine the greatness of Kasparov.

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04:46
I Speak Soccer
I Speak Soccer

18 Views 0 Comments 04:46

Soccer is by far the most international sport. It is a sport that crosses boundaries with its simplistic rules and the amount of sheer skill needed to play. Director Terry Kegal goes across the globe to show the different ways people play soccer in their own culture. A must see for any sports fan!

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01:58
Murderball
Murderball

17 Views 0 Comments 01:58

Murderball is a film documenting the fierce competition between United States and Canada in the 2004 Paralympics that was hosted by Greece.Filmmaker Henry Alex Rubin and journalist Dana Adam Shapiro offer an up-close look at the 2004 Wheelchair Rugby tournament, as they traced the moves of these teams.Murderball, better known as Wheelchair Rugby, and an official event in the Paralympics, is a very aggressive game created by quadriplegics who were not limited or restriced by their shortcoming.It is played with fervent intensity and involves very rough collisions and the occasional bodily fights as the regular Rugby goes.It shows how Joe Soares, when dropped from the top-seated American team, angrily retaliated by signing on as coach for the Canadian team, and led them to victory amidst upsets and thrills!The film gives a sneak peek into the personal lives of the athletes who are passionate, motivated, and determined to win — as one of them says, “I’m not here for a hug, I’m here for a medal.”

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49:15
How to Kill a Human Being
How to Kill a Human Being

32 Views 0 Comments 49:15

Former Conservative MP, Michael Portillo pushes his body to the brink of death in an investigation into the science of execution.As the American Supreme Court examines whether the lethal injection is causing prisoners to die in unnecessary pain Michael sets out to find a solution which is fundamentally humane. To do this, he examines the primary methods of execution available today, and he discovers why convicts could catch on fire in the electric chair, learns how simple it is to mess up a hanging and inhales a poisonous gas to experience first-hand the terror of the gas chamber.Armed with some startling evidence Michael considers a completely new approach. Will it be the answer? There is only one way of finding out – to experience it himself.

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