The Sistine Chapel is a landmark in Rome that is worth visiting. It is a sight to behold. More than 25,000 people per day, or five million people per year visit the Chapel. Beyond the pictures you see, the Sistine Chapel is fascinating in a way it holds so many secrets and mysteries.
Entry to the Sistine Chapel brings an annual revenue to the Vatican around 80 million euro. With that in mind, here are some facts you ought to learn before going to Rome and visiting the Sistine Chapel.
There are many other works inside the chapel that are just as beautiful as the frescoes by Michelangelo. Botticelli, for example, was hired to create two frescoes along the walls. One of them told the story of Christ, while the other told the story of Moses. Even without the work done by Michelangelo, the Sistine Chapel had greatest fresco cycles in Europe.
Michelangelo was not keen on the commission to paint the ceiling of the chapel. In fact, he wrote a poem lamenting to his friend Giovanni da Pistoia, in which he said that he feels tortured due to the physical strain of the work.
It is also worth noting that his main artistic profession at the time was to sculp. He took the role with displeasure, and still managed to make it perfect.
Many theories suggest he painted the ceiling lying on his back. But that is not true. He actually constructed his own scaffolding, so that he could paint standing up for more precision and control.
More on the subject that he was not happy about working on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, Michelangelo thought about refusing the commission. He thought of himself as a good sculptor. Incredibly, he did not consider himself a good enough painter to took such a responsibility. The only reason he took the job was because it was a commission from the Pope himself. At the time, and even now, it is unheard to refuse such a request.
Michelangelo was even convinced that it was a set-up by his rivals. He believed they want to see him fail at the job.
The depiction of God on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel was the first of its kind. It shows a man with long white hair and a beard. While nowadays that picture is common, at the time, God had not been portrayed as a person in that way. Throughout the frescoes, Michelangelo features God six times. And he painted those images last, wanting to perfect his approach first.
After Michelangelo painted God, there have been many that have used his imagination.
The Altar fresco, called Last Judgment is the one Michelangelo 23 years later after making the ceiling. He returned to the piece in 1536 to begin the masterpiece on the wall above the altar. There is a theory that there are two self-portraits within the painting. Sadly, both are negative and miserable depictions.
Speaking of the Last Judgment, there are theories that Michelangelo wanted to draw a parallel to the anatomy of the human brain.
After just one year he started on working on the project, his work became mouldy. He informed the Pope about it, and wanted to leave the job, saying it was a proof he is not a good painter. However, the Pope asked him to continue, and he couldn’t refuse. Therefore, he repainted the work that had become mouldy.
If you have visited the Sistine Chapel before 1980 and after 1999, you might have seen two different versions of the frescoes. In 1560s, Pope Pius IV ordered that the nudes in the paintings have fig leaves to hide their presumed blushes. However, that was undone between 1980 and 1999, during the big restoration. The goal of the restoration was to remove the layers of grime that have built up, and as a result, the colors are much brighter. And of course, the fig leaves were removed. Therefore, if you have been to the Sistine Chapel before 1980 once, and then again after 1999, you might have seen the paintings nude and with leaves.
From the outside, the Sistine Chapel gives no hint of the artistic treasures inside. The external structure is remarkably plain. There is no decoration. There is no grand entrance, or anything similar. Considering the beauty inside, and the fact it is the private chapel for the Pope, that is quite incredible.
Another interesting fact, the building was designed with defense in mind, including strong and thick walls.
The Sistine Chapel was built 500 years ago. However, it is still used for its original purpose. The Chapel held its first mass in 1483. At the time, it was intended to be the personal chapel for the Pope. It is still used for that purpose.
The Chapel also serves as the site of the papal conclave. There is a room nicknamed the Room of Tears, where the chosen candidate can represent his emotions after winning the election.
Michelangelo saw his work for the first time as a whole when it was unveiled. He was not able to review his piece as a whole. That is because the scaffolding remained in place right until the very end.
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