The Soviet Afghan war was a conflict wherein insurgent groups, as well as smaller Maoist groups, fought a nine-year guerrilla war against the Soviet Army and the Democratic Republic of Afghanistan government throughout the 1980s.
It all started with Soviet deployment in Afghanistan. That triggered a 10-year conflict that completely change the world.
The end of the war, and the defeat by the soviets, marked the beginning of the fall of the USSR. The War started in 1979 and lasted until 1989.
The event that triggered the war came in April 1978. Afghanistan President Mohammed Daoud Khan was overthrown and murdered in a coup d’etat led by communist rebels. But not everyone welcomed the communist reforms.
A number of insurgencies arose against the new government. And in an attempt to prop up the regime, Leonid Brezhnev sent Soviet troops to Kabul. That was supposed to be a short deployment.
But the conflict lasted for almost ten years. The conflict also marked an American interest in the war.
Wanting to weaken the Soviet Union’s economy and military, the US increased their military aid to the mujahideen.