What the Ancients Did for Us: The Islamic World
The rise of Islam is one of the most important events in world history. In the seventh century, Muhammad was intended to unite the divided Arabs through a new religion. A century after his death, he had succeeded in producing a medieval superpower. The Arabs and Moors had spread through Spain to the Pyrenees. Córdoba became famous as one of the largest and richest cities in Europe. Arab cities such as Toledo and Seville were famed for their new culture and universities.
The first is that the ancients did for us the program explores the Muslim contribution to the Western world – in art, architecture, astronomy, medicine, science and learning. The early Muslims are credited with inventing distillation and could draw almost anything – from alcohol to perfume. Hygiene is very important in the Muslim world so they invented and manufactured soap – centuries before the West – and hundreds of bathhouses were built throughout Muslim cities.
They understood the fundamentals of light and how we see, and gave us the camera obscura. They invented algebra and worked the angle of inclination of the earth. He built the first windmill, pioneered the concept of the handle bar, and designed the first torpedo.
Muslim creativity also led to the invention of a unique instrument called the astrolabe – could not find the direction of Mecca, telling time, and with the help of the stars, sailing across deserts and oceans. But perhaps most important of all that seeks the cause of knowledge, translation and preservation of works of the ancients and building the world’s largest libraries – their ‘houses of wisdom. “
What the Ancients Did for Us: The Islamic World,