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05:55
Angkor Wat- Jewels in the Jungle
Angkor Wat- Jewels in the Jungle

41 Views 0 Comments 05:55

This black and white documentary documentary explores the facts and mysteries surrounding the ancient temple that is Angkor Wat. Located now in Cambodia Angkor Wat has brought intrigue to locals and visitors alike.

09:18
Byzantium: The Lost Empire
Byzantium: The Lost Empire

39 Views 0 Comments 09:18

For over 1,000 years, the Byzantine Empire was the eye of the world – the origin of great literature, fine art and modern government. Heir to Greece and Rome, the Byzantine Empire was also the first Christian empire.After a year of filming on three continents, TLC unlocks this ancient civilization, spanning 11 centuries and three continents. Pass through the gates of Constantinople, explore the magnificent mosque of Hagia Sophia and see the looted treasures of the empire is now in San Marco, Venice.Byzantium, gives life to an empire that, though seemingly distant, is closely linked to the evolution of Western civilization. A review of the emergence of the first Christian empire, which lasted over a thousand years and the maturity and decline of Byzantium, through its conquest by the Ottoman Turks in 1453.John Romer, the author and on-screen guide of the series, breathes life into the city and the powerful ideas that made the Byzantium a thriving cultural and commercial center while western Europe was painfully through the Middle Ages the Middle Ages.At its height, Byzantium is the most precious Christian relics, including a piece of the cross of Christ. Located on the border of Europe and Asia, who ruled an empire that stretched across Asia Minor and the Balkans. Then, after the advent of Islam, the empire shrank until little was left outside the city walls.Byzantium turned to Europe for help in the fight against the infidels, only to have its own city sacked by the Crusaders whose help is sought. Venice, its main trading partner of old, took many of his works of art. The Hagia Sophia, originally built as a Christian church, became Istanbul’s most famous mosque.And the scholars who had kept alive the study of Greek for more than a millennium fled to Europe, where he helped lay the groundwork for the rebirth. Byzantium, the video takes us on a visual journey of luxury to key locations throughout the empire, while putting a human face on the key players in the history of this unique and vital empire. I never suspected I would find this story as compelling as it turned out to be.

54:59
The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization
The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization

33 Views 0 Comments 54:59

‘The Greeks: Crucible of Civilization’, produced by PBS pays a tribute to the glory of ancient Greece, telling the story of Greek democracy from its first stirrings in 500 B.C. through to the cataclysmic wars that virtually destroyed the empire.Much of the story relates how the Greeks essentially invented politics and democracy, and interviews with prominent scholars of classical history provide insight into the major characters, including Thales, Pericles, and Socrates. It looks at how though the Greeks were defeated, their philosophy endured and changed the world forever.The stories of epic battles on land and sea and a thoughtful treatment of the Greek ideals of heroism are presented well. But the documentary particularly succeeds in the latter stages, when the story turns to the downfall of Socrates and a thoughtful explanation of how Greek philosophy transformed civilization.The photography at ancient sites is often spectacular, actors have been judiciously used to film the critical events and intelligent narration delivered by actor Liam Neeson is truly engaging.

07:53
That’s  Greece
That’s Greece

30 Views 0 Comments 07:53

This short documentary is really good attempt by the British Hellenic Chamber of Commerce (BHCC) when they presented this at their Annual Conference in London on 28 June 2011 to dispel many of the myths and common misconceptions surrounding Greece and it people.It is really pertinent in 2012 because the economic situation in Greece has deteriorated…but the underlying principles and messages outlined in this short documentary/presentation hold true to this day (bar the statement on peaceful protesting perhaps).Greece is a timeless country and the beauty of the country and it’s people will remain as it has done over the previous centuries of torrid times.The documentary goes a long way to dispel many of the commonly held myths and beliefs and it does so in a very creative and simplistic way..which again is aligned to the Greek people themselves. The Greeks work more average hours than many of the leading European countries. They have invested heavily in new and modern technology and infrastructure.Greek exports have increased by approaching one third and they have a wealth of natural resources which can be developed to bring them out of the difficulties they currently face through the fault…not of their people but the people in power at the head of government. They have almost infinite sunshine giving immense potential for solar power generation. They have the constant Aegean winds for wind power and the potential with such a massive coastline for further power production… Green sustainable energy is required not just in Greece but around the world.. Greece also has a wealth of Natural Gas resource which is not fully exploited yet.Even though tourism was predicted to RISE by 20% in 2011 it probably fell somewhat due to the general economic world recession and in some small way due to the unrest in Greece in general. The fact remains that Greece is such a beautiful place, with beautiful people and beautiful weather that despite what politics dictate Greece as a whole will continue to be a dream destination for any tourist. great holiday destinations and a plethora of things to do see and visit again dispel many of the common myths. I myself have just returned from spending 4 months researching for a travel site www.mygreeceholiday.com and was simply enthralled by the country and will certainly be back there within the year.The music in the documentary is nicely in keeping with the flavour of the message being presented…views of magnificent blue flag beaches and wonderful museums and ancient ruins complement the key message at the end of the documentary. The Greeks are resilient and WILL come through this latest bout of dis-rest and economic uncertainty.If you wish to understand more about the work of the British Hellenic Chamber of Commerce (BHCC) go to their site here http://www.bhcc.gr/Another relevent documentary covered here on Documentarytube is to be found here http://www.documentarytube.com/coming-here-soon-greece-bust-and-broken

Art + 2 More
50:01
Giants: The Mystery and the Myth
Giants: The Mystery and the Myth

29 Views 0 Comments 50:01

Giants have been in multiple cultures mythology. But did they really exist? New scientific evidence shows proof that giants could have lived on earth.This is the full length version of this documentary and explores new and recent evidence and attempts to cross refer to mentions of Giants in the Bible and other ancient manuscripts.

History + 1 More
44:02
Ancients Behaving Badly
Ancients Behaving Badly

28 Views 0 Comments 44:02

Acting out is an old eight-part series for television history that will apply modern analysis to some of the most infamous rulers of the classic story.The trials of life of these people come from very limited and biased sources. Like all stories that are written by the victors, if the dynasty that usurped the line of Nero and Caligula, and therefore had a vested interest in smearing, or history of the Mongols, a hagiography of Genghis Khan written by his successors designed to make it look great.Because of their bias, how much of these stories can we trust? These men were depraved or noble as the stories suggest?This series will answer these questions. Using the physical evidence, archeology and modern knowledge of science of toxicology to ballistic re-evaluate his life to separate fact from fiction.Experts will lead to historic sites of some of the most momentous events or infamous rebuild his life and what really happened. Very stylish two and a half Chart D is used to bring violent crucial moments of his life to life.And the psychiatric profile will help us rebuild what was going on inside their heads and then see how to match other brutal rulers in our unique old psycho-graphic Behaving Badly.Looking at these tyrants with a modern look, the series aims to show as real people who behaved and think and act in ways that we can recognize. It will test the stories about them in the crucible of the modern world.

01:07
The Surprising History of Sex and Love
The Surprising History of Sex and Love

27 Views 0 Comments 01:07

‘The Surprising History of Sex and Love’ is an award winning documentary presented by Terry Jones.This film traces the story of changing social and religious attitudes to sex throughout history.Filmed in India, Egypt, Greece, Italy, France the USA and the UK, the documentary includes a lot of surprising and never-seen-before material.It starts with the place of sacred sex in the ancient world and ends with a discussion of the contemporary relationship between sex, marketing and prurience.The film charts out how we got from there to here, and indicates that changes in sexual attitudes are connected with issues of power and control.

Health + 1 More
48:48
Secrets of the Ancient Olmecs
Secrets of the Ancient Olmecs

26 Views 0 Comments 48:48

The ancient Olmecs in Mexico sculpted massive stone heads 3000 years ago, before even the Roman Empire was established. Thought to be carved in the likeness of their leaders, these heads weighed over 3 (up to 40) tonnes and came from a mountain over 160km away, a trek that would have taken them across rivers and swamps. How did they manage the task of transporting these huge blocks of rock? Without metal tools, how did they carve these dense stones?

59:31
Zeitgeist Refuted and Exposed
Zeitgeist Refuted and Exposed

25 Views 0 Comments 59:31

Even secular scholars have rejected the idea of Christianity borrowing from the ancient mysteries. Respected Sir Edward Evans-Pritchard writes in Theories of Primitive Religion that “The evidence for this theory … is negligible.” “The first real parallel of a dying and rising god does not appear until the year 150, over one hundred years after the origin of Christianity. So if there is any influence of one over the other, was the influence of historical events New Testament [resurrection] on mythology, not the reverse. The only known account of a god surviving death that predates Christianity is the Egyptian cult god Osiris.In this myth, Osiris is cut into fourteen pieces, scattered around Egypt, then reassembled and brought back to life by the goddess Isis. However, Osiris does not really go back to physical life but becomes a member of a dark underworld … This is very different to the account of the resurrection of Jesus, where he was the Prince of life gloriously risen, which was seen by others on earth before his ascension to heaven. “-Dr. Norman Geisler.

47:22
Ancient Apocalypse: The Minoans
Ancient Apocalypse: The Minoans

24 Views 0 Comments 47:22

‘Ancient Apocalypse: The Minoans’ is a documentary film that attempts to explore the lost world of the Minoans that has intrigued people for thousands of years.Their palaces at Knossos, on the island of crete, were vast and elaborate, with Europe’s first paved roads and running water. The ancient Greeks wove its magnificence into their myths; it was the home of King Minos and his man-eating bull, the Minotaur, which roamed the palace labyrinth. In the 1900s, British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans excavated and restored the ruins at Knossos. Beautiful and delicate frescoes of bulls and dolphins revealed a highly artistic civilization and a people who apparently lived in harmony with nature.So it is only natural to be curious about the sudden disappearance of this entire clan. Their end is often attributed to a huge volcanic eruption that took place 3500 years ago in the tiny Aegean island of Thera, which was 100 km away from the island of Crete. But what is intriguing is the fact that very little volcanic ash was discovered by the archaeologists on the island of Crete leading to the conclusion that the prevailing winds would have taken the volcano’s ash in the opposite direction. Then archaeologists found clay tablets that proved the Minoan civilization survived for about 50 years after the eruption. This film asks incisive questions such as if the volcano killed the civilization, what accounted for this long gap and was it really that simple..

51:14
The Diva Mummy
The Diva Mummy

24 Views 0 Comments 51:14

Most people think of Egypt when they talk about mummies, but many are surprised that what is seen as the best preserved mummy in the world came from China!Han aristocrat named Lady Dai is known as the ‘Diva Mummy’, and 2000 years after her death is still leading scientists into new discoveries about ancient life and mummification processes. The scientists are looking at questions like how she lived, what she ate and how people back then died. This ‘most perfectly preserved mummy’ could hold the answers that we don’t know yet!

History + 1 More
52:10
Mysteries of Asia: Lost Temples of India
Mysteries of Asia: Lost Temples of India

23 Views 0 Comments 52:10

The mysteries of Asia series of three-part video was originally produced for The Learning Channel. During this segment, historians and others examine temples built in India over 1,000 years ago. They remain quite intriguing, though today’s tourists rarely visit. Records reveal that trained elephants had to drag millions of stone blocks to build these structures.The program notes that due to the size of the temples, the U.S. Senate, Versailles, the Houses of Parliament and St. Paul’s Basilica in Rome, everyone could fit inside one of them.Michael Bell narrates as animated image maps and are used to help viewers learn more about what these ancient structures appear and why they were built.

48:42
The Naked Truth
The Naked Truth

22 Views 0 Comments 48:42

The Naked Truth documentary traces the origins of modern religions back to the stories of many ancient civilizations.Due to the lack of science and facts, the stories were created by our ancestors to give explanations to the wonders amazing, weird and scary, but natural in the world.Earthquakes, volcanoes, tornadoes, lightning, hurricanes and other natural forces could not be explained as long ago, so the stories and tales were created by human imagination to respond to these natural phenomena unexplained.Today, we know that the Egyptian, Roman, Greek, mythology, and others come from the imagination of man to explain the natural world, but are modern religions are so different?Are the similarities between Jesus, Krishna, Buddha and other saviors and prophets mere coincidence? Or is there a clear and simple explanation that ties all modern religions together?

09:39
Human Evolution: Clash of The Cavemen
Human Evolution: Clash of The Cavemen

21 Views 0 Comments 09:39

In the wilds of ice devastated Europe about 25,000 years before Christ, a war like no other series lasted between two species of primitive men. In a unique moment in world history, these two species, Neanderthals and Cro-Magnon (Homo sapiens), competed for resources and for a permanent seat on the top of the animal kingdom.It was an epic battle of the brains of muscle strength that determined the course of human history. In this scenario, based on scientific theories, the testimony of our prehistoric ancestors as they collide with a totally different kind of humans, the Neanderthals, about 30,000 years ago the ice age in Europe.In clash of cavemen, film recreations and the state of the art CGI bring to life of the Neanderthals, robust, powerful and able to tolerate pain and their enemies, the Cro-Magnon, the weaker and more fragile, but with a superior brain capable of complex thought. This documentary film-quality story used the latest scientific advances to create the atmosphere and the risks were: huge quadrupedal predators, punishing temperatures, and the relentless threat of starvation.Cutting-edge research archaeologists and anthropologists, including data from the ongoing project of mapping the Neanderthal genome at Max Planck Institute of Germany s, when given to realism and accuracy to this struggle until the final catastrophic.

54:42
The Last Great Pharaoh
The Last Great Pharaoh

21 Views 0 Comments 54:42

Egypt’s Golden Empire: The Last Great Pharaoh, The reign of Ramesses II – also known as Ramesses the Great – marked the high point of the New Kingdom and the high point of Egyptian culture. But like any empire, it was all downhill as the New Kingdom gradually fell into ruin.Tall and strong, Ramesses was a distinctive and powerful figure. He was lucky to win the Battle of Kadesh, but wanted his victory to seem more impressive. He carved stories on temple walls that told his people how, single-handed, he had defeated the enemy. Throughout his reign he would use propaganda to build up his reputation.

14:01
Before We Ruled the Earth: Hunt or be Hunted
Before We Ruled the Earth: Hunt or be Hunted

20 Views 0 Comments 14:01

1.7 million years ago in Africa, Homo ergaster, an ancient predecessor of modern humans, had to dig to survive. They lived in the elements among the monsters of the era, such as saber-toothed cat. Over time, early humans evolved and developed simple tools, began to communicate, and learned to control their most important tool: fire. However, the monsters were still there. 300,000 years ago, Homo erectus learned to hunt the giant Irish elk, the use of fire to drive these great beasts through a narrow gorge and over a cliff. While the best hunting skills, proximity is still a need to kill a huge beast. 40,000 years ago, Neanderthals were on top of their form, hunting of animals like the giant steppe bison. The Neanderthals were usurped by an entirely new race of humans, the Cro-Magnon. They adapted and survived when the Neanderthals could not.

11:17
The Human Family Tree
The Human Family Tree

19 Views 0 Comments 11:17

In a single day in a single street, with the DNA of a couple hundred people at random, National Geographic Channel intends to follow the ancient traces of humanity.Narrated by Kevin Bacon, the human family tree moves to one of the most diverse corners of the world – Queens, NY – to demonstrate how every ordinary share ancestors embarked on very different journeys.Regardless of race, nationality or religion, all of us can trace our origins back to ancient Cradle of Humankind, East Africa. What made our collective journey seems, and where to take your specific ancestors?At what point in our past we first crossed with supposed aliens living in our neighborhood? Now, in the human family tree, the people of this quintessential American melting pot will find that their connections are much deeper than a common postal code.

51:40
The Bible’s Buried Secrets
The Bible’s Buried Secrets

18 Views 0 Comments 51:40

In this landmark two-hour special, NOVA takes viewers on a fascinating journey to the scientific principles of modern religion.Buried Secrets of the Bible vividly recounts the saga of the ancient Israelites and digs deeply into the Bible and the history of the Israelites through the artifacts they left behind.The documentary focuses on the Hebrew Bible, also known as the Old Testament as the basis for the great monotheistic religions-Judaism, Christianity and Islam.NOVA producers worked with an international team of academics and researchers who studied the stories, artifacts examined, deciphered ancient manuscripts, and the hypothesis of how in an era of human sacrifice, idolatry and slavery, the concept of God emerged.

52:01
Sky Archaeology
Sky Archaeology

18 Views 0 Comments 52:01

In this documentary, Archaeologist Richard Hansen and his team are seen trekking through the Guatemalan rain forest while a satellite above them sees through the dense jungle and guides them towards a lost Mayan city in their quest for a secret treasure, abandoned two thousand years ago.The satellite in outer space reveals this mysterious location with the help of a magnificent new technology, as sensors mounted in satellites and on spacecraft can see what the human eye cannot.Sky Archaeology involves and enables digging through jungle canopies and great dunes of desert sand to find ancient cities and great civilizations buried underneath!

46:28
Seven Wonders of Ancient Greece
Seven Wonders of Ancient Greece

17 Views 0 Comments 46:28

Learn about the basis of Western Civilization. The Ancient Greeks were centuries ahead of their time, we can see this in their logic, ideas, and of course art. This documentary truly shows the powerhouse that was Ancient Greece.Travel to a land of ancient beauty and intellect, where science, art and inspiration of the gods combined to produce some of the great wonders of the world of architecture and design. From prehistoric palaces to bold symbols of victory, explore the seven ancient wonders that awaken the audience to date: the Theatre of Epidaurus, the statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, the Colossus of Rhodes the settlement of Santorini, the Palace of Knossos and surely the greatest masterpiece of all the Parthenon.Learn how such impressive displays of engineering was achieved at a time when technology was still in its infancy. Engineers and architectural experts detail the unique structural aspects that make each monument to “wonder-ful,” while historians describe the powerful role of each question in the Greek life.Explore the seven wonders of ancient Greece as the Theatre of Epidaurus, the statue of Zeus at Olympia, the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, the Colossus of Rhodes, the settlement of Santorini, the Palace of Knossos, and certainly the masterpiece of them all, the Parthenon!

58:03
Magical Egypt
Magical Egypt

16 Views 0 Comments 58:03

There is another side of Egypt, which is not known. Egypt is also the land of secrets. Another story, a secret history, speaks of Egypt as the inheritor of the deep wisdom and magical ability of a culture even older. It is the story of the Egyptians themselves. This alternative history echoes parallel stories of myth and history of other ancient cultures, and countless secret societies and occult sources. The large number of parallels in these stories provides a unique window into this other Egypt.A new kind of counterculture is emerging around the unexpected discoveries of a small but growing circle of scientists, writers and researchers. The focal point of this counterculture centers on an alternative interpretation of ancient Egypt – not as the first attempts of mankind in early civilization, but as a fully developed culture and advanced, inexplicably, that the scientific and metaphysical achievements we are only beginning to fully appreciate.

03:49
Seven Wonders of the World
Seven Wonders of the World

15 Views 0 Comments 03:49

The most spectacular and magnificent structures in the world constructed by man or by Nature are regularly being compiled to put together a comprehensive catalogue of the Wonders of the World.The first ever known list of the most extraordinary man-made creation is ‘The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World’, which was based on the guide books widely known among Hellenic Sight-seers and only includes the creations around the Mediterranean belt. The Greeks believed number seven to be a representative of perfection and plenty, and hence the number was chosen to mark the most amazing structures of the world. The lists for the Medieval World and the Modern World are some other lists on similar lines.

53:49
The Living Edens
The Living Edens

14 Views 0 Comments 53:49

The planet Earth is still home to places so pure that have become precious memories of how everyone – the ancient Earth, with no time – once seemed.From the icy mountains of Denali to the blue sea water in Costa Rica, the dramas of the witnesses are developed between the animal inhabitants, as they have done since the beginning of time.Through the experience of world famous natural history film makers, to experience the magic of every Eden life as it is captured on film for future generations.

43:45
Mars: The Red Planet
Mars: The Red Planet

14 Views 0 Comments 43:45

If humans were going to visit another planet in our solar system, the first possible planet would be Mars. Its deserts are similar to earth’s, with dunes and mountains full of iron oxides. Though its atmostphere isn’t friendly to humans, it does have potential similarities to earth, like the possibility of underground oceans and ancient bacteria life-forms. With it being the closest planet to earth, Mars has caught our attention as the first planet we could explore.

52:14
The Dancing Boys of Afghanistan
The Dancing Boys of Afghanistan

14 Views 0 Comments 52:14

Boys Dance of Afghanistan exposes the horrific practice known as Bacha Bazi, in which young men are sold to Afghan warlords and powerful businessmen to be trained as dancers performing to male audiences in women’s clothing and then used and sold for sex. The practice is sadly making a comeback in the country.While the West pours billions of dollars in the fight against the Taliban in southern Afghanistan, an ancient tradition (banned when the Taliban were in power) has re-emerged in the rest of the country. Many hundreds of young people living in extreme poverty are lured off the streets with the promise of a new life away from misery, he knows that his true destiny is to be used for entertainment by the warlords and other powerful men in Afghanistan.Having gained access noticeable within a ring of sexual exploitation, Najibullah Quraishi awarded Afghan journalist investigating this illegal practice, the consequences of which are surrounded by a focus on the war. The film exposes the lack of support from authorities and explore possible responses to the plight of children in this conflict zone.

49:04
The Lost Pyramids of Caral
The Lost Pyramids of Caral

12 Views 0 Comments 49:04

Pyramids are generally defined by the “Great Pyramids of Giza”. However South American pyramids can be just as stunning. These ancient Peruvian pyramids have until recently been lost. However new archeological evidence shows that these pyramids are larger and older then the pyramids of Giza.

44:08
Secrets of the Aegean Apocalypse
Secrets of the Aegean Apocalypse

12 Views 0 Comments 44:08

1,200 BC, an ancient Armageddon almost decimated every known civilization. What caused it is unknown? The theories of what happened all include one common factor, a group of people who the Egyptians named “The Sea People”. This documentary examines how the Cretan people almost overthrew the known civilizations of the world in the span of less then fifty years.

03:01
The Human Spark
The Human Spark

10 Views 0 Comments 03:01

In the caves and rock shelters of the Dordogne region of France, witness the spectacular Alan Alda paintings and sculptures dating from 30,000 years ago, works of art that archaeologists thought that the first record of people with minds like ours.When this art has been created in Europe had been inhabited for hundreds of thousands of years – and thousands of lives – for human beings we call Neanderthals.Alan discovers, after visiting the sites where Neanderthals once lived, that Neanderthals were tenacious and resourceful.But they seem to have lived in and the moment, the truth is that produced no art, and employed a stone tool technology has changed little over the millennia. The people who painted the caves, our ancestors were very different, in possession of what we call the human spark, capable not only of art but of innovative technology and symbolic communication.Alan explores the questions: Where and when the human spark turn first? In these caves, archaeologists have believed for a long time? Or in a long time before – and on another continent? What is the nature of human uniqueness? Where is the Human Spark ignite, and when? And perhaps most tempting, why?In this three-part series, Alan Alda has these questions personally, visiting dozens of scientists from three continents, and participate directly in the experiments of many – including the examination of his own brain.Bringing his trademark humor and curious face to face conversations with leading researchers, seeking human spark – of archaeologists to find clues in the fossil bones of our ancestors and tools for the study of primatologists closer to our family living to explore what we have in common and what distinguishes us, for neuroscientists looking in his mind with the latest brain scanning technologies.

55:52
Search for the First Human (Sahelanthropus Tchadensis)
Search for the First Human (Sahelanthropus Tchadensis)

9 Views 0 Comments 55:52

Sahelanthropus tchadensis is one of the oldest known species in the human family tree.The species lived between 7 and 6 million years in western Central Africa (Chad). Upright walking may have helped the species survive in diverse habitats – including forests and grasslands.Despite having only Sahelanthropus skull material, studies so far indicates that primitive man was a combination of apelike traits and similarities to humans.Its features include a small brain monkey (although a little smaller than a chimpanzee!) Head bowed, very prominent brow ridges and elongated skull.Their human-like features include small canine teeth, a middle part of the face below, and an opening of the spinal cord below the skull rather than toward the rear, as well as in non-bipedal primates (or monkeys).How do we know Sahelanthropus walked upright? Some of the earliest evidence of walking on two legs is Sahelanthropus.The large opening (foramen magnum) into the base of the skull to the spinal cord connects the brain is placed below (the bottom of the skull) than in apes or any other primate except humans. This characteristic indicates that the head of Sahelanthropus was conducted in a body upright.

53:19
The Four-Winged Dinosaur
The Four-Winged Dinosaur

8 Views 0 Comments 53:19

In 2002, the discovery of a beautiful and bizarre fossil astonished scientists and reignited the debate over the origin of flight. With four wings and superbly preserved feathers, the creature 130 million years, was like nothing paleontologists had seen before. In this program, NOVA travels to China stone quarry where the fossil discovered (a famous fossil treasure) and joins leading figures in the world of paleontology, biomechanics, aerodynamics, animation and scientific reconstruction carry out a rather unorthodox experiment: a wind tunnel test flight of a replica of ancient scientists rarity. Dubbed Microraptor, the crow-sized fossil is one of the smallest dinosaurs ever found and one of the most controversial, challenging conventional theories and assumptions about the evolution of flight. But how Microraptor use their wings? Is it extends its arm and leg-mounted wings in the style of an early 20-century biplane to produce lift at low speed? He used it to create a single lifting surface efficient, fast, slip? Do you use some combination of these two methods? Or were the extra wings useless for flight and is likely to have been for other purposes such as attracting a mate?To answer these questions, NOVA interviews Chinese paleontologist Xu Xing, who first recognized the importance of Microraptor and gave it its name, paleontologist Mark Norell and artist Mick Ellison of the American Museum of Natural History paleontologist Larry Martin of the University of Kansas; anatomist Farish Jenkins of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard University, and aerodynamics Kenny Breuer of Brown University. In addition, NOVA commissions a “flight-ready” wind tunnel model of Microraptor complete with feathers and articulating joints. Artists have historically played an important role in paleontology, helping to reconstruct the appearance and behavior of ancient animals. In the case of Microraptor, two completely different reconstructions were made, one at the American Museum of Natural History, and the other at the University of Kansas, based on different samples and different techniques. The two very different reconstructions play into a long-standing scientific controversy about the origin of bird flight. For years the debate has been a confrontation between two camps: those who believe dinosaurs were the ancestors of birds, and those who do not.